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Zimbabwe:
People

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Zimbabwe Page


Population
Definition - World rank and map
12,382,920
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
32 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 37% (male 2,314,527/female 2,270,998)
15-64 years: 59.4% (male 3,704,689/female 3,656,173)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 197,821/female 238,712) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 20.3 years
male: 20.2 years
female: 20.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.568% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
27.38 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
21.7 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 50.58 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 53.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 39.73 years
male: 40.87 years
female: 38.55 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.03 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
24.6% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
1.8 million (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
170,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Zimbabwean(s)
adjective: Zimbabwean
Ethnic groups
Definition
African 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Religions
Definition
syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%
Languages
Definition
English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 90.7%
male: 94.2%
female: 87.2% (2003 est.)


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