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Vietnam:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
86,116,559 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
264.7 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 25.6% (male 11,418,642/female 10,598,184)
15-64 years: 68.6% (male 29,341,216/female 29,777,696)
65 years and over: 5.8% (male 1,925,609/female 3,055,212) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 26.9 years
male: 25.8 years
female: 28 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.99% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
16.47 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.18 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 23.61 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.01 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 23.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 71.33 years
male: 68.52 years
female: 74.33 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.86 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.4% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
220,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
9,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, and plague
water contact disease: leptospirosis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groups
Definition
Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)
Religions
Definition
Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
Languages
Definition
Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.3%
male: 93.9%
female: 86.9% (2002 est.)


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