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Tanzania:
People

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Tanzania Page


Population
Definition - World rank and map
40,213,162
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
45.4 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 43.5% (male 8,763,471/female 8,719,198)
15-64 years: 53.7% (male 10,638,666/female 10,947,190)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 502,368/female 642,269) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.8 years
male: 17.6 years
female: 18.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.072% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
35.12 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
12.92 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 70.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 77.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 63.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 51.45 years
male: 50.06 years
female: 52.88 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.62 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
8.8% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
1.6 million (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
160,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Tanzanian(s)
adjective: Tanzanian
Ethnic groups
Definition
mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African
Religions
Definition
mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Languages
Definition
Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 69.4%
male: 77.5%
female: 62.2% (2002 census)


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