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Turkmenistan:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
5,179,571 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
10.6 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 34.2% (male 902,811/female 868,428)
15-64 years: 61.5% (male 1,577,187/female 1,607,353)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 97,480/female 126,312) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 22.6 years
male: 22 years
female: 23.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.596% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
25.07 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.11 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 51.81 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.01 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 68.6 years
male: 65.53 years
female: 71.82 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.07 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
less than 0.1% (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 100 (2004 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Turkmen(s)
adjective: Turkmenistani
Ethnic groups
Definition
Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Religions
Definition
Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
Languages
Definition
Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.3%
female: 98.3% (1999 est.)


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