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Tajikistan:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
7,211,884 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
50.5 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 34.6% (male 1,270,289/female 1,226,954)
15-64 years: 61.7% (male 2,203,720/female 2,244,660)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 113,156/female 153,105) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 21.6 years
male: 21.2 years
female: 22.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.893% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
27.18 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.94 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 42.31 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 47.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 64.97 years
male: 61.95 years
female: 68.15 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.04 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 100 (2001 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Tajikistani(s)
adjective: Tajikistani
Ethnic groups
Definition
Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)
Religions
Definition
Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
Languages
Definition
Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.2% (2000 census)


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