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Syria:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
19,747,586
note: in addition, about 40,000 people live in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights - 20,000 Arabs (18,000 Druze and 2,000 Alawites) and about 20,000 Israeli settlers (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
107.3 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 36.2% (male 3,679,473/female 3,467,096)
15-64 years: 60.5% (male 6,119,459/female 5,822,376)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 310,838/female 348,344) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 21.4 years
male: 21.3 years
female: 21.5 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.189% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
26.57 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.68 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 26.78 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 27.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 26.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 70.9 years
male: 69.53 years
female: 72.35 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.21 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
Religions
Definition
Sunni Muslim 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)
Languages
Definition
Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.6%
male: 86%
female: 73.6% (2004 census)


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