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Sudan:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
40,218,455 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
16.9 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 41.1% (male 8,451,576/female 8,093,609)
15-64 years: 56.4% (male 11,407,233/female 11,275,685)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 518,822/female 471,530) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 18.9 years
male: 18.7 years
female: 19.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.134% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
34.31 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
13.64 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.1 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 86.98 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 87.09 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 86.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 50.28 years
male: 49.38 years
female: 51.23 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.58 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.3% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
400,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
23,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese
Ethnic groups
Definition
black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
Religions
Definition
Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum), indigenous beliefs 25%
Languages
Definition
Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
note: program of "Arabization" in process
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.1%
male: 71.8%
female: 50.5% (2003 est.)


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