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Somalia:
People

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Somalia Page


Population
Definition - World rank and map
9,558,666
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
15.2 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 44.7% (male 2,143,758/female 2,132,869)
15-64 years: 52.8% (male 2,525,562/female 2,516,879)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 100,655/female 138,943) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.5 years
male: 17.4 years
female: 17.6 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.824% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
44.12 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
15.89 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 110.97 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 120.17 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 101.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 49.25 years
male: 47.43 years
female: 51.12 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.6 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
43,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
NA
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali
Ethnic groups
Definition
Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Religions
Definition
Sunni Muslim
Languages
Definition
Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.8%
male: 49.7%
female: 25.8% (2001 est.)


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