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South Africa:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
43,786,115
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
35.9 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 28.6% (male 6,295,422/female 6,219,283)
15-64 years: 65.9% (male 14,114,838/female 14,737,791)
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 927,932/female 1,490,849) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 24.5 years
male: 23.8 years
female: 25.3 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.501% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
17.71 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
22.7 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 58.26 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 61.64 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 54.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 42.37 years
male: 43.3 years
female: 41.42 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.11 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
21.5% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
5.3 million (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
370,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: South African(s)
adjective: South African
Ethnic groups
Definition
black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)
Religions
Definition
Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)
Languages
Definition
IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001 census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 87%
female: 85.7% (2003 est.)


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