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Romania:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
22,246,862 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
96.6 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 15.6% (male 1,778,864/female 1,687,659)
15-64 years: 69.7% (male 7,718,125/female 7,791,102)
65 years and over: 14.7% (male 1,337,915/female 1,933,197) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 37.3 years
male: 35.9 years
female: 38.7 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.136% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
10.61 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.84 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 23.73 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 26.81 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 72.18 years
male: 68.69 years
female: 75.89 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.38 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
6,500 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
350 (2001 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002 census)
Religions
Definition
Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)
Languages
Definition
Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.3%
male: 98.4%
female: 96.3% (2002 census)


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