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Poland:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
38,500,696 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
126.5 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 15.2% (male 3,013,109/female 2,849,977)
15-64 years: 71.4% (male 13,681,481/female 13,808,412)
65 years and over: 13.4% (male 1,964,477/female 3,183,240) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 37.6 years
male: 35.8 years
female: 39.5 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.045% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
10.01 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
9.99 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 6.93 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.66 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 75.41 years
male: 71.42 years
female: 79.65 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.27 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.1%; note - no country specific models provided (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
14,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
100 (2001 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Pole(s)
adjective: Polish
Ethnic groups
Definition
Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7% (2002 census)
Religions
Definition
Roman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (2002)
Languages
Definition
Polish 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2% (2002 census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2003 est.)


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