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Pakistan:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
167,762,040 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
215.4 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 36.3% (male 31,316,803/female 29,567,622)
15-64 years: 59.4% (male 51,000,863/female 48,648,480)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 3,409,246/female 3,819,026) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 21.2 years
male: 21 years
female: 21.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.805% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
26.93 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
7.83 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 66.95 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 67.05 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 66.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 64.13 years
male: 63.07 years
female: 65.24 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.58 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
74,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
4,900 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groups
Definition
Punjabi 44.1%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 10.5%, Urdu 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 4.7% (1998 census)
Religions
Definition
Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3%
Languages
Definition
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski and other 8%
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 49.9%
male: 63%
female: 36% (2005 est.)


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