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Peru:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
29,180,899 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
22.8 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 29.7% (male 4,409,227/female 4,253,836)
15-64 years: 64.7% (male 9,501,597/female 9,381,139)
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 770,389/female 864,711) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 25.8 years
male: 25.5 years
female: 26.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.264% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
19.77 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.16 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 29.53 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 32.02 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 26.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 70.44 years
male: 68.61 years
female: 72.37 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.42 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.5% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
82,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
4,200 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever, malaria, Oroya fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Peruvian(s)
adjective: Peruvian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
Religions
Definition
Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, other Christian 0.7%, other 0.6%, unspecified or none 16.3% (2003 est.)
Languages
Definition
Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.7%
male: 93.5%
female: 82.1% (2004 est.)


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