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Nicaragua:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
5,785,846 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
48.1 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 34.6% (male 1,019,281/female 981,903)
15-64 years: 62.1% (male 1,792,398/female 1,803,133)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 82,840/female 106,291) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 21.7 years
male: 21.3 years
female: 22.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.825% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
23.7 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.33 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 25.91 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 29.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 71.21 years
male: 69.08 years
female: 73.44 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.63 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
6,400 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Nicaraguan(s)
adjective: Nicaraguan
Ethnic groups
Definition
mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
Religions
Definition
Roman Catholic 72.9%, Evangelical 15.1%, Moravian 1.5%, Episcopal 0.1%, other 1.9%, none 8.5% (1995 census)
Languages
Definition
Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)
note: English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.5%
male: 67.2%
female: 67.8% (2003 est.)


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