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Suriname Page

Definition - World rank and map
475,996 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
2.9 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 27.5% (male 66,695/female 64,356)
15-64 years: 66.2% (male 156,961/female 158,234)
65 years and over: 6.3% (male 12,868/female 16,882) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 27.5 years
male: 27.1 years
female: 27.9 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.099% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
17.02 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.51 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 19.45 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.96 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 73.48 years
male: 70.76 years
female: 76.39 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.01 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.7% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
5,200 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever, Mayaro virus, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2008)
noun: Surinamer(s)
adjective: Surinamese
Ethnic groups
Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%
Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89.6%
male: 92%
female: 87.2% (2004 census)

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