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Nigeria:
People

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Nigeria Page


Population
Definition - World rank and map
138,283,240
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
151.8 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 42.2% (male 29,378,127/female 28,953,864)
15-64 years: 54.7% (male 38,466,129/female 37,172,355)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 2,046,309/female 2,266,456) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 18.7 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 18.6 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.382% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
39.98 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
16.41 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 93.93 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 100.87 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 86.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 47.81 years
male: 47.15 years
female: 48.5 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.41 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.4% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
3.6 million (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
310,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis and shistosomiasis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
Religions
Definition
Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
Languages
Definition
English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68%
male: 75.7%
female: 60.6% (2003 est.)


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