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Niger:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
13,272,679 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
10.5 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 47% (male 3,174,834/female 3,057,003)
15-64 years: 50.6% (male 3,450,393/female 3,267,496)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 159,945/female 163,008) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 16.4 years
male: 16.5 years
female: 16.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.878% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
49.62 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
20.26 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 115.42 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 119.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 111.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 44.28 years
male: 44.3 years
female: 44.26 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
7.29 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
70,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
4,800 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Nigerien(s)
adjective: Nigerien
Ethnic groups
Definition
Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 census)
Religions
Definition
Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%
Languages
Definition
French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.7%
male: 42.9%
female: 15.1% (2005 est.)


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