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Mozambique:
People

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Mozambique Page


Population
Definition - World rank and map
21,284,701
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected; the 1997 Mozambican census reported a population of 16,099,246 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
27.1 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 44.5% (male 4,762,335/female 4,711,422)
15-64 years: 52.7% (male 5,472,184/female 5,736,154)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 251,026/female 351,580) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.4 years
male: 17 years
female: 17.8 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.792% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
38.21 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
20.29 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 107.84 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 110.67 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 104.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 41.04 years
male: 41.62 years
female: 40.44 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.24 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
12.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
1.3 million (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
110,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Mozambican(s)
adjective: Mozambican
Ethnic groups
Definition
African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
Religions
Definition
Catholic 23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, Zionist Christian 17.5%, other 17.8%, none 23.1% (1997 census)
Languages
Definition
Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 47.8%
male: 63.5%
female: 32.7% (2003 est.)


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