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Mauritania:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
3,364,940 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
3.3 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 45.3% (male 763,845/female 759,957)
15-64 years: 52.5% (male 872,924/female 894,980)
65 years and over: 2.2% (male 29,147/female 44,087) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.2 years
male: 16.9 years
female: 17.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.852% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
40.14 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.61 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 66.65 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 69.69 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 63.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 53.91 years
male: 51.61 years
female: 56.28 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.69 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.6% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
9,500 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and Rift Valley fever (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Mauritanian(s)
adjective: Mauritanian
Ethnic groups
Definition
mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
Religions
Definition
Muslim 100%
Languages
Definition
Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 51.2%
male: 59.5%
female: 43.4% (2000 census)


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