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Mali:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
12,324,029 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
10.1 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 48.2% (male 3,004,003/female 2,937,138)
15-64 years: 48.7% (male 2,976,314/female 3,028,433)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 150,597/female 227,544) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 15.8 years
male: 15.4 years
female: 16.2 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.725% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
49.38 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
16.16 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-5.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 103.83 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 113.41 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 93.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 49.94 years
male: 48 years
female: 51.94 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
7.34 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.9% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
140,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
12,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Malian(s)
adjective: Malian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
Religions
Definition
Muslim 90%, Christian 1%, indigenous beliefs 9%
Languages
Definition
French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 46.4%
male: 53.5%
female: 39.6% (2003 est.)


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