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Malawi:
People

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Malawi Page


Population
Definition - World rank and map
13,931,831
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
148.1 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 46% (male 3,208,112/female 3,194,600)
15-64 years: 51.4% (male 3,592,073/female 3,563,840)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 159,450/female 213,756) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 16.8 years
male: 16.7 years
female: 16.8 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.39% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
41.79 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
17.89 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 90.55 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 94.69 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 86.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 43.45 years
male: 43.74 years
female: 43.15 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.67 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
14.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
900,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
84,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Malawian(s)
adjective: Malawian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
Religions
Definition
Christian 79.9%, Muslim 12.8%, other 3%, none 4.3% (1998 census)
Languages
Definition
Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62.7%
male: 76.1%
female: 49.8% (2003 est.)


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