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Mongolia:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
2,996,081 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
1.9 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 28.4% (male 433,835/female 416,549)
15-64 years: 67.7% (male 1,013,215/female 1,015,221)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 51,093/female 66,168) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 24.9 years
male: 24.6 years
female: 25.3 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.493% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
21.09 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.16 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 41.24 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 44.41 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 67.32 years
male: 64.92 years
female: 69.84 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.24 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
less than 0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
fewer than 500 (2003 est)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Mongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% (2000)
Religions
Definition
Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% (2004)
Languages
Definition
Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian (1999)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98%
female: 97.5% (2000 census)


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