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Moldova:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
4,324,450 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
129.6 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 16.3% (male 361,000/female 341,785)
15-64 years: 72.9% (male 1,528,080/female 1,622,620)
65 years and over: 10.9% (male 174,448/female 296,517) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 34.3 years
male: 32.4 years
female: 36.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.092% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.01 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
10.8 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.59 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 13.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.95 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 70.5 years
male: 66.81 years
female: 74.41 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.26 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.2% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
5,500 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 300 (2001 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Moldovan(s)
adjective: Moldovan
Ethnic groups
Definition
Moldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census)
note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
Religions
Definition
Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000)
Languages
Definition
Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.1%
male: 99.7%
female: 98.6% (2005 est.)


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