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Madagascar:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
20,042,551 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
34.5 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 43.7% (male 4,408,615/female 4,349,862)
15-64 years: 53.2% (male 5,298,805/female 5,371,764)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 275,087/female 338,418) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.9 years
male: 17.7 years
female: 18.1 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.005% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
38.38 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
8.32 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 55.59 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 60.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 62.52 years
male: 60.58 years
female: 64.51 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.19 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.7% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
140,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
7,500 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: chikungunya, malaria, and plague
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Malagasy (singular and plural)
adjective: Malagasy
Ethnic groups
Definition
Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
Religions
Definition
indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%
Languages
Definition
English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68.9%
male: 75.5%
female: 62.5% (2003 est.)


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