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Latvia:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
2,245,423 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
35.3 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 13.4% (male 154,077/female 146,825)
15-64 years: 69.7% (male 760,976/female 803,106)
65 years and over: 16.9% (male 124,658/female 255,781) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 39.9 years
male: 36.9 years
female: 43 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.629% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
9.62 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
13.63 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-2.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.49 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 8.96 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.85 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 71.88 years
male: 66.68 years
female: 77.35 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.29 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.6% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
7,600 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 500 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Latvian(s)
adjective: Latvian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Latvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2% (2002)
Religions
Definition
Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006)
Languages
Definition
Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3% (2000 census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2000 census)


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