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Kenya:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
37,953,838
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
66.7 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 42.2% (male 8,065,789/female 7,953,077)
15-64 years: 55.2% (male 10,498,468/female 10,434,764)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 457,886/female 543,854) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 18.6 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 18.8 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.758% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
37.89 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 56.01 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.95 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 53.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 56.64 years
male: 56.42 years
female: 56.87 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.7 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.7% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
1.2 million (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
150,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Kenyan(s)
adjective: Kenyan
Ethnic groups
Definition
Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
Religions
Definition
Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%
note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
Languages
Definition
English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.1%
male: 90.6%
female: 79.7% (2003 est.)


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