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Italy:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
58,145,321 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
197.8 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 13.6% (male 4,086,951/female 3,842,765)
15-64 years: 66.3% (male 19,534,247/female 19,024,776)
65 years and over: 20% (male 4,864,189/female 6,792,393) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 42.9 years
male: 41.4 years
female: 44.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.019% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
8.36 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
10.61 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 5.61 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 80.07 years
male: 77.13 years
female: 83.2 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.3 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.5% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
140,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 1,000 (2003 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Religions
Definition
Roman Catholic 90% (approximately; about one-third practicing), other 10% (includes mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community)
Languages
Definition
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.8%
female: 98% (2001 census)


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