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Iran:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
65,875,223 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
40.3 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 22.3% (male 7,548,116/female 7,164,921)
15-64 years: 72.3% (male 24,090,976/female 23,522,861)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 1,713,533/female 1,834,816) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 26.4 years
male: 26.2 years
female: 26.7 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.792% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
16.89 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.69 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-3.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 36.93 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 36.73 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 70.86 years
male: 69.39 years
female: 72.4 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.71 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.2% (2005 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
66,000 (2005 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
1,600 (2005 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
Religions
Definition
Muslim 98% (Shi'a 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2%
Languages
Definition
Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77%
male: 83.5%
female: 70.4% (2002 est.)


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