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India:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
1,147,995,898 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
386.1 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 31.5% (male 189,238,487/female 172,168,306)
15-64 years: 63.3% (male 374,157,581/female 352,868,003)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 28,285,796/female 31,277,725) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 25.1 years
male: 24.7 years
female: 25.5 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.578% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
22.22 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 32.31 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 36.94 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 27.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 69.25 years
male: 66.87 years
female: 71.9 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.76 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.9% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
5.1 million (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
310,000 (2001 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: chikungunya, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Religions
Definition
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
Languages
Definition
English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 21 other official languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanscrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61%
male: 73.4%
female: 47.8% (2001 census)


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