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Indonesia:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
237,512,355 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
130 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 28.4% (male 34,343,198/female 33,175,135)
15-64 years: 65.7% (male 78,330,830/female 77,812,339)
65 years and over: 5.8% (male 6,151,305/female 7,699,548) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 27.2 years
male: 26.7 years
female: 27.7 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.175% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
19.24 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.24 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 31.04 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 36.14 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 25.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 70.46 years
male: 67.98 years
female: 73.07 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.34 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
110,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
2,400 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: chikungunya, dengue fever, and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Indonesian(s)
adjective: Indonesian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)
Religions
Definition
Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)
Languages
Definition
Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.4%
male: 94%
female: 86.8% (2004 est.)


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