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Ghana:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
23,382,848
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
101.3 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 37.8% (male 4,470,382/female 4,360,359)
15-64 years: 58.7% (male 6,852,363/female 6,866,470)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 386,150/female 447,124) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 20.4 years
male: 20.2 years
female: 20.7 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.928% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
29.22 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
9.39 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 52.31 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.64 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 59.49 years
male: 58.65 years
female: 60.35 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.78 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
350,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
30,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Ghanaian(s)
adjective: Ghanaian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census)
Religions
Definition
Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census)
Languages
Definition
Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.9%
male: 66.4%
female: 49.8% (2000 census)


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