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Gambia:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
1,735,464 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
173.5 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 43.9% (male 382,385/female 378,853)
15-64 years: 53.4% (male 459,315/female 466,689)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 24,303/female 23,919) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.9 years
male: 17.7 years
female: 18 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.724% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
38.36 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.74 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 68.72 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 75.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 62.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 54.95 years
male: 53.06 years
female: 56.9 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.13 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
6,800 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
600 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Gambian(s)
adjective: Gambian
Ethnic groups
Definition
African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1% (2003 census)
Religions
Definition
Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Languages
Definition
English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 40.1%
male: 47.8%
female: 32.8% (2003 est.)


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