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El Salvador:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
7,066,403 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
341 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 35.8% (male 1,291,147/female 1,237,453)
15-64 years: 59% (male 1,987,671/female 2,179,620)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 162,100/female 208,412) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 22.2 years
male: 21.1 years
female: 23.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.679% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
25.72 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.53 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-3.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 22.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 72.06 years
male: 68.45 years
female: 75.84 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.04 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.7% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
29,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
2,200 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Salvadoran(s)
adjective: Salvadoran
Ethnic groups
Definition
mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Religions
Definition
Roman Catholic 83%, other 17%
note: there is extensive activity by Protestant groups throughout the country; by the end of 1992, there were an estimated 1 million Protestant evangelicals in El Salvador
Languages
Definition
Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 80.2%
male: 82.8%
female: 77.7% (2003 est.)


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