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Eritrea:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
5,028,475 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
41.4 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 42.9% (male 1,085,116/female 1,072,262)
15-64 years: 53.5% (male 1,332,349/female 1,355,494)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 88,068/female 95,186) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 18.1 years
male: 17.9 years
female: 18.3 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.447% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
33.62 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
9.15 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 44.22 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 49.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 38.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 60.05 years
male: 58.29 years
female: 61.87 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.84 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.7% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
60,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
6,300 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Eritrean(s)
adjective: Eritrean
Ethnic groups
Definition
Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
Religions
Definition
Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
Definition
Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.6%
male: 69.9%
female: 47.6% (2003 est.)


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