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Estonia:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
1,307,605 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
30.3 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 14.9% (male 100,143/female 94,450)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 420,896/female 462,072)
65 years and over: 17.6% (male 76,171/female 153,873) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 39.6 years
male: 36.2 years
female: 43.2 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.632% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
10.28 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
13.35 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-3.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.5 male(s)/female
total population: 0.84 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 7.45 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.62 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 72.56 years
male: 67.16 years
female: 78.3 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.42 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
7,800 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Estonian(s)
adjective: Estonian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Estonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2% (2000 census)
Religions
Definition
Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census)
Languages
Definition
Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2000 census)


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