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Djibouti:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
506,221 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
22 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 43.3% (male 110,089/female 109,331)
15-64 years: 53.1% (male 139,164/female 129,614)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 9,068/female 8,955) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 18.2 years
male: 18.6 years
female: 17.7 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.945% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
38.61 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
19.16 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 99.13 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 106.65 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 91.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 43.31 years
male: 41.89 years
female: 44.77 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
5.14 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.9% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
9,100 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
690 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Djiboutian(s)
adjective: Djiboutian
Ethnic groups
Definition
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)
Religions
Definition
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
Languages
Definition
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.9%
male: 78%
female: 58.4% (2003 est.)


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