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Cuba:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
11,423,952 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
103 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 18.5% (male 1,088,311/female 1,030,499)
15-64 years: 70.5% (male 4,029,381/female 4,025,154)
65 years and over: 10.9% (male 569,002/female 681,605) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 36.8 years
male: 36.1 years
female: 37.5 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.251% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.27 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
7.19 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-1.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 5.93 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.64 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 77.27 years
male: 75.02 years
female: 79.64 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.6 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
less than 0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
3,300 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban
Ethnic groups
Definition
white 65.1%, mulatto and mestizo 24.8%, black 10.1% (2002 census)
Religions
Definition
nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented
Languages
Definition
Spanish
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2002 census)
People - note
Definition
illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and over-land via the southwest border


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