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Central African Republic:
People

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Central African Republic Page


Other pages in this profile of the Central African Republic:
Geography, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Population
Definition - World rank and map
4,434,873
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
7.1 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 41.3% (male 921,115/female 910,267)
15-64 years: 54.6% (male 1,203,280/female 1,217,956)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 71,316/female 110,939) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 18.7 years
male: 18.3 years
female: 19 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.487% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
33.13 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
18.26 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 82.36 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 88.98 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 75.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 43.97 years
male: 43.94 years
female: 44 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.23 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
13.5% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
260,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
23,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
Ethnic groups
Definition
Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Religions
Definition
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
Languages
Definition
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.6%
male: 64.8%
female: 33.5% (2000 est.)


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