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China:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
1,330,044,605 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
142.6 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 20.1% (male 142,085,665/female 125,300,391)
15-64 years: 71.9% (male 491,513,378/female 465,020,030)
65 years and over: 8% (male 50,652,480/female 55,472,661) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 33.6 years
male: 33.1 years
female: 34.2 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.629% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
13.71 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
7.03 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 21.16 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.43 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 23.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 73.18 years
male: 71.37 years
female: 75.18 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.77 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
840,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
44,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groups
Definition
Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)
Religions
Definition
Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)
Languages
Definition
Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.9%
male: 95.1%
female: 86.5% (2000 census)


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