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Democratic Republic of the Congo:
People

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Democratic Republic of the Congo Page


Other pages in this profile of the Democratic Republic of the Congo:
Geography, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Population
Definition - World rank and map
66,514,506
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
29.3 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 47.1% (male 15,711,817/female 15,594,449)
15-64 years: 50.4% (male 16,672,399/female 16,875,468)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 674,766/female 985,607) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 16.3 years
male: 16.1 years
female: 16.5 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.236% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
43 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.88 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 83.11 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 91.14 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 74.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 53.98 years
male: 52.22 years
female: 55.8 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.28 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.2% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
1.1 million (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
100,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
Ethnic groups
Definition
over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Religions
Definition
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%
Languages
Definition
French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
total population: 67.2%
male: 80.9%
female: 54.1% (2001 est.)


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