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Bhutan:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
682,321
note: the Factbook population estimate is consistent with the first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005; previous Factbook population estimates for this country, which were on the order of three times the total population reported here, were based on Bhutanese government publications that did not include the census (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
14.5 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 30.8% (male 107,360/female 103,093)
15-64 years: 63.7% (male 231,323/female 203,649)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 19,561/female 17,335) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 23.5 years
male: 24.1 years
female: 22.8 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.301% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
20.56 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
7.54 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
NA
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.13 male(s)/female
total population: 1.11 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 51.92 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 53.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 65.53 years
male: 64.75 years
female: 66.35 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.48 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
fewer than 100 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
NA
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Bhutanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Bhutanese
Ethnic groups
Definition
Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
Religions
Definition
Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%
Languages
Definition
Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 47%
male: 60%
female: 34% (2003 est.)


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