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Brazil:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
191,908,598
note: Brazil conducted a census in August 2000, which reported a population of 169,799,170; that figure was about 3.3% lower than projections by the US Census Bureau, and is close to the implied underenumeration of 4.6% for the 1991 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
22.7 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 24.9% (male 24,391,338/female 23,454,418)
15-64 years: 68.7% (male 65,330,427/female 66,431,982)
65 years and over: 6.4% (male 5,055,770/female 7,244,663) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 29 years
male: 28.3 years
female: 29.8 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.98% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
16.04 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.22 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
-0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 26.67 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 30.28 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.89 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 72.51 years
male: 68.57 years
female: 76.64 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.86 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.7% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
660,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
15,000 (2003 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Brazilian(s)
adjective: Brazilian
Ethnic groups
Definition
white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)
Religions
Definition
Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)
Languages
Definition
Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.6%
male: 88.4%
female: 88.8% (2004 est.)


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