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Benin:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
8,294,941
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
75 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 43.6% (male 1,824,803/female 1,790,723)
15-64 years: 54% (male 2,210,525/female 2,268,138)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 80,081/female 120,671) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.9 years
male: 17.5 years
female: 18.3 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.619% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
37.36 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.67 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 76.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 80.58 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 71.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 53.85 years
male: 52.67 years
female: 55.06 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
4.96 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.9% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
68,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
5,800 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Beninese (singular and plural)
adjective: Beninese
Ethnic groups
Definition
Fon and related 39.2%, Adja and related 15.2%, Yoruba and related 12.3%, Bariba and related 9.2%, Peulh and related 7%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4%, Dendi and related 2.5%, other 1.6% (includes Europeans), unspecified 2.9% (2002 census)
Religions
Definition
Christian 42.8% (Catholic 27.1%, Celestial 5%, Methodist 3.2%, other Protestant 2.2%, other 5.3%), Muslim 24.4%, Vodoun 17.3%, other 15.5% (2002 census)
Languages
Definition
French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 34.7%
male: 47.9%
female: 23.3% (2002 census)


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