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Australia:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
20,600,856 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
2.7 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 19.1% (male 2,014,230/female 1,920,604)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 7,005,588/female 6,895,817)
65 years and over: 13.4% (male 1,226,432/female 1,538,185) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 37.4 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 38.3 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.801% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
11.9 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
7.62 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
3.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 4.51 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 80.73 years
male: 77.86 years
female: 83.75 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
1.76 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
14,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Australian(s)
adjective: Australian
Ethnic groups
Definition
white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Religions
Definition
Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census)
Languages
Definition
English 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8% (2001 Census)
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)


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