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Afghanistan:
People

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Population
Definition - World rank and map
32,738,376 (July 2008 est.)
Population density
Definition - World rank and map
50.6 people per sq. km (July 2008 est.)
Age structure
Definition - World rank and map
0-14 years: 44.6% (male 7,474,394/female 7,121,145)
15-64 years: 53% (male 8,901,880/female 8,447,983)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 383,830/female 409,144) (2008 est.)
Median Age
Definition - World rank and map
total: 17.6 years
male: 17.6 years
female: 17.6 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate
Definition - World rank and map
2.626% (2008 est.)
Birth rate
Definition - World rank and map
45.82 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate
Definition - World rank and map
19.56 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate
Definition - World rank and map
21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Sex ratio
Definition
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Definition - World rank and map
total: 154.67 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 158.88 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 150.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
Definition - World rank and map
total population: 44.21 years
male: 44.04 years
female: 44.39 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate
Definition - World rank and map
6.58 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
Definition - World rank and map
0.01% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
Definition - World rank and map
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Definition
NA
Major infectious diseases
Definition
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality
Definition
noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
Ethnic groups
Definition
Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
Religions
Definition
Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%
Languages
Definition
Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
Literacy
Definition
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.1%
male: 43.1%
female: 12.6% (2000 est.)


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