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Spain:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Other pages in this profile of Spain:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Spanish Armed Forces: Army (Ejercito de Tierra), Spanish Navy (Armada Espanola, AE; includes Marine Corps), Spanish Air Force (Ejercito del Aire Espanola, EdA) (2007)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
20 years of age (2004)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 10,033,069
females age 16-49: 9,764,937 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 8,228,426
females age 16-49: 7,990,678 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 203,650
females age 16-49: 191,352 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1.2% (2005 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to remain a British colony and against a "total shared sovereignty" arrangement while demanding participation in talks between the UK and Spain; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy; Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and the islands of Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Penon de Alhucemas and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters; Morocco serves as the primary launching site of illegal migration into Spain from North Africa; Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz
Illicit drugs
Definition
despite rigorous law enforcement efforts, North African, Latin American, Galician, and other European traffickers take advantage of Spain's long coastline to land large shipments of cocaine and hashish for distribution to the European market; consumer for Latin American cocaine and North African hashish; destination and minor transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin; money-laundering site for Colombian narcotics trafficking organizations and organized crime


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