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Military & Transnational Issues

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Somalia Page

Other pages in this profile of Somalia:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
no national-level armed forces (2008)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 2,181,050
females age 16-49: 2,125,558 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 1,274,783
females age 16-49: 1,317,991 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
0.9% (2005 est.)
Disputes - international
Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist Courts from Mogadishu in January 2007; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities in Berbera to landlocked Ethiopia and have established commercial ties with other regional states; "Puntland" and "Somaliland" "governments" seek international support in their secessionist aspirations and overlapping border claims; the undemarcated former British administrative line has little meaning as a political separation to rival clans within Ethiopia's Ogaden and southern Somalia's Oromo region; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading south across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralists
Refugees and internally displaced persons
IDPs: 1.1 million (civil war since 1988, clan-based competition for resources) (2007)

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