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Singapore:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Other pages in this profile of Singapore:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers) (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 1,277,862 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 1,038,603 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
4.9% (2005 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
disputes persist with Malaysia over deliveries of fresh water to Singapore, Singapore's extensive land reclamation works, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries in the Johor and Singapore Straits; in November 2007, the ICJ will hold public hearings as a consequence of the Memorials and Countermemorials filed by the parties in 2003 and 2005 over sovereignty of Pedra Branca Island/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge; Indonesia and Singapore continue to work on finalization of their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonesia's Batam Island; piracy remains a problem in the Malacca Strait
Illicit drugs
Definition
drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapore is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue for money laundering


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