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Rwanda:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Rwanda Page


Other pages in this profile of Rwanda:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Rwandan Defense Forces: Army, Air Force
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 2,430,469
females age 16-49: 2,392,933 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 1,404,066
females age 16-49: 1,403,700 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
2.9% (2006 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
fighting among ethnic groups - loosely associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces in Great Lakes region transcending the boundaries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda - abated substantially from a decade ago due largely to UN peacekeeping, international mediation, and efforts by local governments to create civil societies; nonetheless, 57,000 Rwandan refugees still reside in 21 African states, including Zambia, Gabon, and 20,000 who fled to Burundi in 2005 and 2006 to escape drought and recriminations from traditional courts investigating the 1994 massacres; the 2005 DROC and Rwanda border verification mechanism to stem rebel actions on both sides of the border remains in place
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
refugees (country of origin): 46,272 (Democratic Republic of the Congo); 4,400 (Burundi) (2007)


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