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Romania:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Romania Page


Other pages in this profile of Romania:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Land Forces, Naval Forces, Romanian Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Romane, FAR), Special Operations (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription officially ended October 2006; all military inductees (including women) contract for an initial 5-year term of service; subsequent voluntary service contracts are for successive 3-year terms until the age of 36 (2006)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 5,682,299
females age 16-49: 5,557,098 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 4,572,017
females age 16-49: 4,644,474 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 127,706
females age 16-49: 121,852 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1.9% (2007 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
the ICJ gave Ukraine until December 2006 to reply, and Romania until June 2007 to issue a rejoinder, in their dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania also opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea
Illicit drugs
Definition
major transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin transiting the Balkan route and small amounts of Latin American cocaine bound for Western Europe; although not a significant financial center, role as a narcotics conduit leaves it vulnerable to laundering, which occurs via the banking system, currency exchange houses, and casinos


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